Famous Fancy Brown Diamonds
- The Golden Jubilee
- The largest and most famous brown diamond as well as the largest faceted diamond in the world, the Golden Jubilee is a 545.67 carat, "fire rose" cushion cut, fancy yellow brown diamond. Discovered in 1985 in Cullinan's Premier mine in South Africa, for years this stone was known as the "Unnamed Brown". It got its present name when it was presented to the King of Thailand in 1997 on the occasion of his Golden Jubilee. It is currently part of the crown jewels in the Royal Thai palace.
- The Earth Star
- Found in 1967 in DeBeers Jagersfontein diamond mine in South Africa, the Earth Star is a pear-shaped 111.59 carat coffee-brown colored diamond which was cut from a 249 carat rough. It is a deep,fancy cognac color with exceptional brilliance for a brown stone.
- Star of the South
- A light, pinkish-brown diamond, this stone was discovered in the mid-19th century in the Minas-Geraes region of Brazil. It was cut into a 128 carat cushion-cut gem. The stone passed through many hands before finally being acquired by Cartier in 2002.
- The Great Chrysanthemum
- A 105.15 carat, fancy orange-brown diamond, originally from South Africa, which was cut into a pear shaped modified brilliant cut by diamond cutters S M Kaufman. The cut features an astounding 189 facets (67 on the crown, 65 on the girdle and 57 on the pavillion. The stone was owned by NY jeweler Julius Cohen, who had it shown at diamond exhibits throughout the USA, where it won a Diamonds International award in 1965. It was later sold to an anonymous buyer.
- Cross of Asia
- was a 109 carat, table cut, champagne diamond. This gem was cut so that a maltese cross could be seen above the table of the stone.
In 1976, the Cross of Asia was purchased from Sothebys at auction by jewelry manufacturer Henry Grossbard and refashioned, using the new radiant cut technology, resulting in 79 carat flawless diamond. Though smaller, it is considered more beautiful than the original.
- The Lesotho Brown
- Sometimes known as just "The Lesotho", this stone was originally a 601.25 carat rough discovered in May, 1967 by Mrs Ernestine Ramoboa in Lesotho, Africa (on a site later to become the Lets'eng diamond mine.). In 1968 the Lesotho was acquired by jeweler Harry Winston, who had it cut into 18 polished diamonds of various shapes and cutting styles (known as Lesotho I - XVIII), totaling 242.5 carats.
To everyone's surprise, although the rough was decidedly brown in color, the first and largest of the diamonds cut was a pale pinkish brown- indicative of unusual characteristics in the stone's crystal structure.
The third largest diamond (the Lesotho III) is a 40.42 carat marquise shaped brown diamond once owned by Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis - a gift from husband Aristotle Onassis.
- Golden Maharajah
- This 65.57 carat South African diamond is a fancy dark orange brown VS2 stone, cut in a modified pear shape. It was exhibited at the 1937 Worlds Fair and later was on display at the Museum of Natural History. In 2006, the Golden Maharajah was sold to an unknown buyer for over 1.3 million dollars
- The Kimberly diamond
- a 55.09 carat emerald cut, champagne colored diamond, fashioned from a 490 carat rough found in South Africa's Kimberly diamond mine. Sold to a private collector in the 1970's.
- The Khedive
- This 43 carat champagne-colored diamond was presented to France's Empress Eugenie by Ismail Pasha, Khedive of Egypt in 1869, in honor of the opening of the Suez canal. It was later owned by King Alphonso of Spain, who sold the gem in 1930, and passed through the hands of several gem dealers up until the early 1950's. Its present whereabouts are unknown.
- The Thompson Diamonds
- A collection of 3 pear-shaped, cognac diamonds (necklace and earrings) on display at the American Museum of Natural History, the largest being the 36 carat diamond set in the pendant. All 3 were cut from a single 264 carat crystal. The set was designed by reknowned jeweler, Harry Winston Inc.
- Victoria Transvaal
- a 68.89 carat, pear shaped, light brown diamond, on display at the Smithsonian museum. This gem, originally cut from a 240 carat crystal, gets its name from the Transvaal region of Africa where it was discovered.
- The Ashberg diamond
- Formerly part of Russia's crown jewels, the Ashberg diamond is a cushion-cut, 102.48 carat amber colored diamond. It takes its name from the Swedish banker who acquired it in 1934. The diamond is believed to be currently owned by Christie's, but this is uncertain. There is some dispute as to the actual color of this diamond, and some classify the Ashberg as a yellow diamond rather than a brown diamond. Those who have seen it have described the color as a dark brownish yellow.
Some other noteworthy brown diamonds:
Not as famous as the above, but still worth a mention. Current whereabouts of most are unknown:
- Abadia do Dourados
- A 104 carat light brown diamond, found in Minas Gerais, Brazil in the 1940's.
- Carmo de Paranaiba
- A 245 carat brown diamond, also from Minas Gerais, found in 1937.
- Darcy Vargas
- This 460 carat brown gemstone was found in 1939 and named after the wife of the Brazilian president. In the early 40's, it was on display at Savitt Jewelers in CT (USA).
- Mato Grosso
- This 227 carat stone, discovered in Mato Grosso, Brazil in 1963, was said to have been an unusual "brown-rose-violet" color.
- Tiros I (354 carats) and Tiros IV (173 carats)
- Both brown stones, found in the Tiros region of Minos Gerais, Brazil in the late 1930's.